Which of the following algorithms is used by MD5?

Block cipher algorithm

Asymmetric encryption algorithm

Cryptographic algorithm

Hashing algorithm
EXPLANATION
MD5 which stands for Message Digest algorithm 5 is a widely used cryptographic hash function that was invented by Ronald Rivest in 1991.
The idea behind this algorithm is to take up a random data (text or binary) as an input and generate a fixed size “hash value” as the output. The input data can be of any size or length, but the output “hash value” size is always fixed.
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